By Janice Jones |Last Updated 12-10-2021
Bean, my 12-year-old Shih Tzu has a fear of
thunderstorms. To the casual observer,
he maintains his calm, stoic demeanor, but a closer look reveals the puppy in
him that is shaking and panting, heart racing, and pupils dilated.
He is visibly disturbed even before I am
aware that a storm is approaching. He
has a thunderstorm phobia (or storm phobia) and he is not alone.
What causes a dog to have a fear of thunderstorms?
A fear becomes a phobia when it is out of proportion to the
danger of actual threat. A phobia is an
exaggerated or irrational fear of something that causes a reaction in an
individual—physically or emotionally.
might not be at all apparent what creates the fear in the first place. Sometimes two or more events happen
simultaneous that creates a fear that has no rational understanding.
This happens in people too.
Years ago we were conducting a fire drill at a preschool I owned. One little 3 year old happened to be standing in the gymnasium near the alarm bell when it went off. After that, he was terrified to enter the gym and refused to go near the room.
He associated the loud alarm with the room that resulted in his fear. Several years later, his mom reported that he still had apprehensions when he entered anything that resembled a gymnasium.
Your dog may have had a negative experience, which triggered his fears and anxiety just like the little boy in the daycare center.
A close lightning strike, a severe storm that your dog experienced while home alone or even being caught outside when a storm struck could cause issues in some dogs.
If the owner or another dog in the household is terrified of, storms that negative energy can be passed onto the dog.
Thunderstorms may be a little different in that there is a
natural reason to have some healthy fear of them. Lightning can strike, winds can bring trees
down, and heavy rains can cause flash floods.
Unless the dog had an adverse experience associated with a storm, they
are unlikely to understand what a storm is capable of doing.
There is likely a genetic component causing phobias to
storms. This is true for people and
evidence for this is done through twin studies where two twins have the same
phobia even though they were raised separately.
In the dog world, the herding breeds are more likely to show some signs
of storm phobia. In addition, dogs prone
to separation anxiety also seem prone to storm phobias. Sadly, phobias only seem to get worse rather
than better over time.
According to Dr. Nicholas Dodman, professor at Cummings School of
Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University and founder and director of Tufts’
Animal Behavior Clinic, storm phobias are not a simple fear of loud
For example, a mounting storm
also involves skies darkening, rain, and wind, changes in barometric pressure
and static electric fields as well as different odors produced by
Dodman thinks that the dog receives a static electric shock during the storm
that might be the trigger that causes the phobia. We know that static
electricity fields do build up during storms.
Dodson thinks some animals especially long haired breeds could become
So, to say that your dog is afraid of
thunder may be missing some of the components of the phobia.
How do you know your dog has a fear of thunderstorms?
Dogs show a wide range of reactions when they are fearful of
storms. These reactions can be physical,
psychological, or physiological.
A Dog’s Physical Reactions to Fear of Thunderstorms
- Looking for a Place to Hide
- Hiding under the bed or another dark place
- Following or staying close to their owner
- Wanting to be held
- Sweaty paw pads
- Destructive behaviors including destroying
property or trying to harm themselves
A Dog’s Psychological Response to fear of thunderstorms
People talk and can tell you they are
afraid. Dogs cannot, so one can only
infer what is going through a dog’s head.
A Dog’s Physiological Reaction to fear of thunderstorms
- Increased heart rate,
- Pupils dilated
- Defecating or urinating in the house
Help Your Dog Overcome his Fear of Thunderstorms
Luckily, there are ways you can do to help your dog overcome
or at least tolerate storms, but as of this writing, there does not seem to be
a complete cure for Storm Phobias.
Here are the more common treatments that can help. All dogs respond differently, so if one method does not work, don’t give up, just try another approach.
There are two
techniques used to treat dogs with noise phobias: Desensitization and counter-conditioning. Both have also been used to treat dogs with a fear of thunderstorms.
methods involve reducing fears over a period of several weeks. Similar to methods used in human therapies, a
mild form of the feared object is paired with something positive; say a treat,
petting, hugging, and attention. In this
case, a recording of thunderstorm sounds is played first at a low volume and
then gradually increasing the volume until the dog becomes “desensitized” to
In counterconditioning, the dog is taught (conditioned) to show appropriate behavior in response to a specific stimulus or cue. In the case of thunderstorms, the dog is given a special treat, a favorite toy, engaged in a prefered behavior, only during and before a storm. The idea behind this therapy is that the dog associates the storm with something good.
Unfortunately, these behavioral techniques do not always work with all
Desensitization, for example assumes that the dog
is reacting to the loud sound of thunder and it is those piercing claps of
thunder is what is causing the phobia.
Storms are far more complex than that which we have already
You will never be able to
mimic all the effects of an actual storm to present it to the dog in gradual
increments of severity.
If you want to
try it, you can purchase a CD with storm sounds directly from this page. Click on the link to the left.
Calming music has been shown to reduce stress in dogs. Playing music during the storm might be
helpful to reduce stress and even drown out some of the sound of thunder.
I personally love the classical selections
performed by Concert Pianist, Lisa Spector, and Joshua Leeds, sound
researcher, music producer, and educator.
Through a Dog’s Ear is a series of CDs
that have psychoacoustically designed changes that have been clinically confirmed
to relieve canine anxiety issues. The
music is good for any anxious dog and has calmed my dogs (and myself) during
rain or shine.
Safe Place Therapy
Encourage your dog to go to a place where she feels
safe. For example, some dogs hide under
the bed or in the bathtub.
A covered crate
with a fluffy bed often helps a frightened dog, especially if this is the place
she feels most secure. If you use a
crate, leave the door open she has free access in and out.
You will want to
observe her behavior and allow her access to the place she feels safe. Confining her may cause the anxiety to
Sometimes finding a place that blocks out the storm
helps. A room without windows, the
basement, or even a room where you can lower the blinds to block out lighting
flashes will calm a stressed dog. Do not
turn off the lights. Better still; turn
all the lights on so it is more difficult to see any light coming through the
shades from flashes of lightning.
may also want to add some environmental sounds to block out the sound of
thunder. Calming music or even the
humming sound of a fan will work with some dogs.
Tight fitting garments help some dogs who have a fear of thunderstorms, and are worth a
try. Pressure garments, as they are
sometimes called have the same calming effect that parents observe when they
swaddle their infant.
The benefits of these garments have not been proven scientifically, but there is evidence that some may work better than a placebo according to Nicole Cottam, MS, behavior service coordinator at the Tufts University Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine.
Not in the traditional sense, but a good old fashion play session can
distract your dog especially when the storm is just beginning before your dog
is showing an all-out fear reaction.
Play fetch or other favorite game.
Work on a little training with plenty of treats. Practice basic commands or if you have taught your dog to do a trick or two, such as “Shake” or “High Five” work on these. This would not be the best time to introduce a new command though, so keep it simple.
If your dog loves grooming, this might be a
good time for a gentle brushing and massage to get her in a more relaxed
state. Ttouch is a type of massage
treatment and has been shown to work with dogs that are fearful, stressed, or
anxious. Ttouch at www.ttouch.com
As the storm progresses, it may not be possible to ward off
all the fear reaction, but it is worth a try.
Natural Remedies To Calm and Help Reduce the Fear of Thunderstorms
According to Gregory Tilford from Whole Dog Journal, “valerian root, passion flower, skullcap, chamomile, and other herbs that have been widely used in animals for many years with few, if any, adverse effects.”
According to CJ Puotinen, author of Encyclopedia of Natural Pet Care, Skullcap
is a sedative, tonic herb with antispasmodic properties, which are used to
control epilepsy in dogs, but for dogs with sensitivities to static
electricity, it might help.
This is an herb that calms and soothes the nerves, reduces tension and anxiety, restlessness and difficulty sleeping. Some have used it for their dogs heading to the show ring or a training class. You can add valerian tea to your dog’s food or drinking water or add a bit of powdered root to the food.
Most of us know the calming effects of a warm cup of chamomile tea. Chamomile can calm nerves, relieve pain, promote deep sleep and lift the spirits. A final rinse of Chamomile tea after a shampoo smells great and reduces dander too.
Flower essences: Back’s Rescue Remedy:
Edward Back was an English Physician
and homeopath. His most famous recipes
work especially well in pets that are anxious or fearful and are now
manufactured by different companies. Three
products include Rescue Remedy Calming
Essence, and Five Flower Formula. Any of these can be used to calm an anxious
It is fairly inexpensive
and easy to give: just squirt a few
drops onto the dog’s tongue or gums.
Conventional Medication Therapy
If behavioral or homeopathic remedies do not work, consult
your veterinarian. There are medications
that can be prescribed to reduce the anxiety and calm the dog during severe
Current medications that can be
used include tricyclic antidepressants (ex. Elavil), anti-anxiety medications
(ex. Xanax), sedatives, (ex. Valium) selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors,
(ex. Prozac), Beta Blocker (ex. Inderal), and tranquilizers
(acepromazine). Some drugs that
are currently being prescribed to dogs with a fear of thunderstorms include
- Alprazolam (Xanax)
- Amitriptyline (Elavil)
- Buspirone (Buspar)
- Clomipramine (Clomicalm)
- Clorazepate (Tranxene)
- Diazepam (Valium)
- Fluoxetine (Prozac)
- Paroxetine (Paxil)
- Acepromazine (Promace)
- Diazepam (Valium)
- Klonopin (clonazepam)
Consult your veterinarian for advice
Your Take Away
- Your dog is not bad or disobedient during a storm, he has a fear of thunderstorms, stressed and in a high state of panic. Do not take his fear of thunderstorms lightly. He is truly afraid.
- Not all of these techniques help all dogs, but with
patience, you are likely to find one that will help your small dog. Helping a dog who has a fear of thunderstorms may require more than one approach or a combination of several.
- The best thing you can do for your dog is to be calm,
gentle, and patient. You are the best
person to get your dog through the storm so quiet petting will help both of you
weather the storm. When your dog
realizes that storms mean a little extra TLC, his anxiety may be less during
the next storm.
Fear of Thunderstorms: Further Reading Recommendations
Dodman, Dr. Nicholas. The Dog Who Loved Too Much: Tales, Treatments and the Psychology of Dogs New York: Bantam, 1996. Dodman, Dr. Nicholas. Dogs Behaving Badly: An A-Z Guide to Understanding and Curing Behavorial Problems in Dogs New York: Bantam, 1999. Tellington-Jones, Linda Getting in TTouch with Your Dog: A Gentle Approach to Influencing Behavior, Health, and Performance Revised in 2012.
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