HomeNewsAug 21, Small Breed Designer Dogs, Hybrids and Crossbred Dogs: A Guide

    Aug 21, Small Breed Designer Dogs, Hybrids and Crossbred Dogs: A Guide

    By Janice Jones   |Last Updated 08-21-2022

    What are Designer Dogs? It has become very popular nowadays to breed two purebred dogs together and call the offspring Hybrid Dogs, Diva Pets, Purse Pets, Rare, Exotic, or Special in some way pets.

    These crossbreeds are commanding a big price tag and many if not most different breeds are involved. This niche market is thriving and growing.

    Check our our complete list of designer dogs that have been produced with small breed dogs.

    You have no doubt
    heard of Yorkie-Poo’s, Cock-a-Poo’s, Malti-Poo’s, Morkies, but have you seen a
    Cock-a-Shels, Malt-oodles, a Peke-A-Pom, or a Yorki-Huahua?

    In fact, you can
    find these mixes of dogs in about every shape, color, and size. 

    Morkie (Maltese & Yorkshire TerrierMorkie: A Hybrid between a Yorkshire Terrier and a Maltese Dog

    They have become so popular that many
    breeders specialize in one or more breeds and the possibilities of producing these cross-bred dogs are nearly endless.

    Check our our list of designer or hybrid dogs produced by small breed dogs. 

    There are so many different hybrid dogs, that sometimes a picture is worth a thousand words. Before you run out to get one of these special dogs, you should understand the pros and cons of hybrid dogs.

    History of
    Designer Dogs

    Malti-Poo (Maltese & Poodle)Maltese and Poodle Mix (Malti-Poo)

    Depending on your
    point of view, the history of these dogs can go back to the point in time
    when humans first began interacting with wolves.  Most people consider the origins to be much more recent. 

    the term “designer” was coined, these dogs would have been called crossbreeds,
    mixed breeds, or mutts.

    Another name that is commonly used to describe these crossbreeds is hybrid, although technically speaking, from a scientific point of view, this is an inaccurate way to use the word.

    Some so called
    designer dogs have occurred without any human intervention.  That is to say, that some are the result of
    unaltered dogs being allowed to roam freely mating at will. 

    This has happened throughout history and is
    where we got the names mutt, crossbred, mongrel, Heinz 54 variety dog or simply
    mixed breed dog. 

    Maltese-Shih Tzu Designer Dog FamilyThese little ones don’t look anything like their Mama, a Maltese because they are Mal-Shi.

    Modern Day Designer Dogs and Human Intervention

    With human
    intervention, the historical time-line becomes much shorter. 

    The first and probably most popular hybrid to
    be produced was the Labradoodle, which is a mix between a Labrador and a
    standard poodle.

    In this case, the name first appeared in the 1950s but did not
    become popular to the late 1980s. 

    that time, the whole conception of the labradoodle was to produce a service dog
    with the wonderful characteristics of the Labrador retriever that was also
    somewhat hypoallergenic so that the dog could be accessible to people with allergies.

    Please note, that there is no such thing as completely hypoallergenic dogs, but some come very close.

    Since then people assume that the labradoodle
    might make the perfect family dog, taking characteristics from the poodle –
    intelligence and non-shedding, and mixing it with the good traits of the
    Labrador, playfulness and hard working.

    LabradoodleThe first and probably most popular hybrid to be produced was the Labradoodle, which is a mix between a Labrador and a standard poodle.

    From there, the trend just mushroomed using any two
    purebreds to create a cross breed that could be called a hybrid. 

    Now these designers are often more
    expensive than their purebred cousins. 

    Was the trend the result of greedy breeders, curiosity among breeders, breeders
    who were truly searching for the perfect dog, or a population of pet lovers who
    wanted something new, different or unique? 

    People are intrigued with the so call dog du jour, especially if it has
    an exotic sounding name. 

    How Designer Dogs/Hybrids
    are Produced?

    Shorkie Tzu is a Yorkshire Terrier and Shih Tzu mixShorkie Tzu is a Yorkshire Terrier and Shih Tzu mix

    When there is a
    deliberate attempt to create a cross between two breeds, registered purebred
    dogs are usually used, but not necessarily. 

    Breeders will start with two purebred registered dogs and pair them
    creating a new so called breed such as when a Maltese is bred with a poodle
    creating a Malti-Poo.
     Another example (pictured above) is the Yorkshire Terrier and the Shih Tzu.

    A true designer
    dog or hybrid has 50% of her genes from one purebred parent and 50% of her
    genes from  the other parent.  This would be considered a first generation
    hybrid and these dogs are more uniform than other types of designer dogs.

    But, all breeders
    do not start with two purebred dogs.  Rather,
    many decide to cross a purebred mother with a hybrid father resulting in
    offspring that may be passed on as hybrids without the genetic ratios one
    should expect.  

    You can get a Malti-poo
    by breeding a Maltese to a Malti-poo but the offspring will have more Maltese
    genes than poodle genes.  Here, the
    offspring might be ¾ Maltese and only ¼ poodle.

    Breeders who
    thoughtfully produce hybrid dogs do so with the hope of taking the best from
    one breed and matching it with the best of another breed to get an entirely new
    animal that is the best all-round pet.

    In fact these dogs are often
    created for a new look, a healthier dog, a dog with a superior temperament or
    intellect, or a combination of all characteristics. 

    When this actually occurs, it is a WIN-WIN
    situation all around.  But anyone
    familiar with genetics will tell you that there are no guarantees and the
    offspring can be anything but perfect.

    When the breeding
    is done deliberately, the offspring command the name Designer Dog, and as a
    result; the puppy produced is perceived as being more valuable, more desirable,
    and often more expensive. 

    Whether it is
    a conscious attempt to breed or an accidental mating, the only way
    to determine the health and temperament of the new hybrid dog is to look up the
    characteristics found in the parent breeds and know that any combination is

    There is little certainty when
    it comes to genetics. So, rather than getting the best of both worlds, the
    offspring produced could end up with the worst characteristics of both parents.

    This is a Puggle, a mix between a Beagle and a PugThis is a Puggle, a mix between a Beagle and a Pug

    Debate of Designer Dogs/Hybrids

    The whole notion of the crossbreed brings up much controversy
    in the dog world about the merits of mixing two purebred dogs. 

    Most dog fanciers and die-hard purebred
    breeders shudder at the mere thought of ever producing a dog that does not
    improve the quality of their chosen breed. 

    Their mantra has always been that no one should ever consider breeding
    two dogs unless they hope to improve the breed in some way (conformity, health,
    or disposition). 

    They look at their role
    of a purebred breeder as a fusion of art and science, pushing the limits to
    produce a purebred dog minus any flaws.  They
    feel that any breeder who does less is somehow inferior.

    Others will argue that breeders have been producing cross
    bred dogs for eons.

    All of today’s recognized breeds were created
    through deliberate attempts by humans to mate certain breeds to create
    offspring with the desirable traits.  Those desirable traits being a better hunting dog, a more effective herder, or a superior guard.  

    For example,
    today’s lovable Shih Tzu dogs came from a cross between a Pekinese and a Lhasa Apso. 

    Let’s face it, the breeds of today would all look like ancient wolves
    if it were not for the selective breeding of ancient people.  Who knows, today’s hybrid will become tomorrow’s recognized breed. 

    Tiny Maltese Poodle Designer DogMaltese and Poodle Hybrid

    Breeders who
    choose to go the route of the hybrid do so for many different reasons.  Many believe that they are healthier
    than a purebred dog.

    There are some merit and truth claims made by fans of the hybrid.  Many purebred dogs have
    been so interbred over the years that certain hereditary diseases are very
    common in a specific breed. 

    When the
    gene pool becomes more diverse, there is less likelihood that these inherited
    diseases will show up. 

    If you mate two
    different breeds both of which suffer from the same hereditary disease, this
    argument is no longer valid.  In some cases,
    however, one breed can overcome the problems of another making the offspring

    Consider the Shih Tzu, a
    brachycephalic breed that is prone to breathing problems. 

    Cross a Shih Tzu with a Maltese and you get a
    dog with a longer nose, but one that physically resembles the Shih Tzu.  A dog with a longer snout has less problems
    breathing.  This also holds true for the Shih Poo.

    Naming Designer

    Jack Russel Terrier and Chihuahua MixJack Russel Terrier and Chihuahua Mix

    It would seem
    that producing designer dogs is only part of the fun; naming designer dogs is
    equally appealing and often there is more than one name that describes the same

    The Mal-Shi is not a purebred dog. It is a cross between
    the Maltese and a Shih Tzu. 

    depending on who you talk to, the puppy could also be called a Shih-tese, Shihtese, Malti Tzu, or Shima.  Five names all describing the same dog! 

    Some names are easy to figure out.  Take the Yorkie Tzu for example. 

    There’s no rocket science involved in determining that this is a mix between a Yorkshire Terrier and a Shih Tzu. 

    Some are not that obvious.  Take the Whoodle for an example.  This is a poodle and soft coated wheaten terrier. 

    What about dogs that just don’t seem to have a name?  Maybe its up to the owner to name the hybrid. 

    Take for example, the Australian Terrier and Shih Tzu mix, a wonderful combination.  

    As of the writing of this article, no one has named this combination and it is not listed on any of the hybrid registries.  My advice is to contact the registries and add the name to their lists. 

    This is Jessie, an Australian Terrier – Shih Tzu Mix

    Australian Terrier and Shih Tzu MixBlack Australian Terrier and Shih Tzu Mix

    Whimsical or just plain silly describe
    some of the names –

    • Puglet (pug and rat terrier),
    • Dorkie (Dachshund and Yorkshire Terrier)
    • Yorkiwawa (Yorkshire Terrier and, Chihuahua)
    • Chiweenie (Chihuahua
      and Dachshund)

    It would seem that it you bred the dog, you get to name
    it.  If you bought the dog, you get to
    name it and if you don’t name it, someone else will. 

    Some of this craziness originated when people
    decided that their lovable mutt adopted from a shelter had to have a breed
    name. More officially, the Canine Designer Dog Registries often decide on the
    name they will use when the dog is registered. 

    Registries for Designer Dogs

    Since designer or hybrid dogs are not purebred, they cannot be registered
    by an organization such as the American Kennel Club. 

    Owners of these designer dogs do have the
    option to register with

    Designer Breed Registry (DBR),

    International Designer
    Canine Registry (IDCR),

    Designer Dogs Kennel Club (DDKC) or

    The American Canine
    Hybrid Club (ACHC). 

    A dog can be registered
    if the parents are purebred and preferably registered with a recognized dog
    registry such as the AKC.

    Some registries such as the IDCR are beginning to
    develop “breed” characteristics for the designer dogs they register but as yet,
    no breed standards exist for these dogs as they do for purebred dogs.

    There are now many different hybrid dog varieties and these
    numbers appear to be growing. 

    With a
    world society enamored by the exotic, ever demanding unique and different
    products, it makes sense that they would want these unusual characteristics in
    their beloved pets. 

    Dog breeders respond
    to their customer’s wishes by producing yet another designer combination.

    Have a Great Story to Tell About Your Designer Dog?

    Share your favorite tale about your very special Designer Dog. Don’t forget to tell us what mix you have.

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