HomeNewsNov 30, Tibetan Terriers: Your Complete Dog Breed Profile and Information

    Nov 30, Tibetan Terriers: Your Complete Dog Breed Profile and Information

    Tibetan Terriers  by Janice Jones  |Last Updated 11-30-2022

    Looking for the quintessential shaggy dog?  You might find it in this breed.  Although the beautiful Tibetan Terrier shown below is anything but shaggy, most non-show dogs enjoy life to the fullest without worrying much about their hair-do.  After all, that’s a human problem, now isn’t it?

    Another thing we should get clear from the onset is that these dogs are terriers in name only.  They are not true terriers, nor do they show any typical terrier traits. They are not hyper, have little prey drive and more easy-going than any representative of the terrier group.

    A young Tibetan Terrier is curled up, resting on the ground.

    Tibetan terriers evolved from being a holy dog, a good
    luck charm, and a protector of monasteries to a lovable companion, good with
    families, children, singles, and couples. 

    Based on recent DNA studies, the TT as they are often called is one of
    the ancient breeds domesticated from old Spitz like wolves of central Asia.

    According to Jane Reif, author of “The Tibetan Terrier Book,” the breed evolved
    from a wolf-like prototype dog with long legs. 
    These prototype dogs wandered the area west of the Gobi Desert and
    farther north to what we now know as Tibet. 
    But, much of the breed’s history has been passed into legend.

    Standing on average of 14 to 16 inches at the shoulder and
    weighing 20-24 pounds, this breed although larger than most small dogs on this
    site still follows our guidelines for “small breed dog.” 

    A group of adult Tibetan Terriers of different colors is sitting in front of a white background, looking at the camera.

    Perhaps the most dramatic characteristic of
    the breed is their long, thick, double coat that covers their face and
    eyes.  This trait no doubt passed down
    from ancient times when the breed lived in frigid, harsh mountainous

    It has the texture of human
    hair and can be straight or wavy but not curly.

    Their eyes may be hard to see
    with their hair falling over them, but they are dark and the TT sees just fine
    due to their long eyelashes that keep the hair out of their eyes. 

    They are affectionate, smart, and adaptable to many types of
    families and make excellent watch dogs. 
    They are great with children who have been taught to respect them and
    are generally fine with other pets. 

    make great pets for apartment dwellers, homes in the country and everything in
    between.  Playful, and comical at times,
    these dogs bond very closely to their humans which sometimes makes them
    susceptible to separation anxiety.

    They learn fast with positive training
    techniques, but they do have an independent spirit so consistency works
    best.  While some enjoy cuddling, they
    are not always your typical couch potato canine.

    Quick Facts About the Tibetan Terrier

    Quick Facts

    Other Names Used:  TT,
    Tsang Apso, Dokhi Apso

    Affiliation:  AKC
    & CKC:  Non-Sporting, KC:  Utility, UKC: 

    Coat Type:  Thick
    double coat with a soft, thick undercoat.  The outer coat is straight or wavy and fine textured but not silky.  The outer coat continues to grow but should be trimmed if needed
    so it does not fall to the ground. A real shaggy dog appearance

    Colors:  Wide range of
    colors including Black, Brindle, Gold, Sable, White, Brown, Red, Fawn, Gray,
    Silver and combinations of these colors. Dogs participating in Conformation
    events must have black noses.  Brown
    Tibetan Terriers will have a brown nose. Some colors may change overtime.

    Activity Level: 
    Moderate to High

    Good with Children: 

    Good with other pets: 
    Yes, but some can be jealous of other dogs living in the same household

    Average Puppy Cost:  $1000-1500

    Litter Size: Average 6

    Explanations for At a Glance Ratings 

    • Playfulness:  Most=5   Less=1
    • Affection:  Most=5   Least=1
    • Friendliness Towards Strangers:  Most=5  Least=1
    • Good with Children:  Good=5   Not Good=1
    • Good with Other Dogs:   Good=5   Not Good=1
    • Good for First Time Owners:  Good=5  Not Good=1
    • Amount of Exercise Required:  Much=5  Minimal=1
    • Ease of Training:   Easy=5   Difficult=1
    • Watch Dog Ability:   Excellent=5   Poor=1
    • Grooming Needs:   Extensive=5  Minimal=1
    • Shedding:   Heavy Shedding=5   Minimal Shedding=1
    • Cold Tolerance:   Cold Well Tolerated=5    Poorly Tolerated=1
    • Heat Tolerance:   Heat Well Tolerated=5   Poorly Tolerated=1

    History of Tibetan Terriers

    A Young Tibetan Terrier is sitting in front of a white background and looking into the camera.Fawn and White Tibetan Terrier

    Much of the breed’s history is shrouded in legend; it is
    generally accepted that they were raised and lived with lamas high in the
    Himalayan Mountains.  The monks called
    them The Holy Dogs of Tibet, and their role in the monasteries was that of a
    companion, watchdog, and sometimes herder. 

    There is also evidence that Tibetan Terriers were used to retrieve items
    that had fallen down rocky slopes.  Their
    “snowshoe” feet gave them superb dexterity and sure-footedness, able to
    maneuver in the snow. 

    They were
    considered good luck and given as gifts to visitors to bring them luck.  Selling these dogs might bring bad luck, so
    the practice was never done.

    Due to their isolation, these dogs remained purebred for
    some 2000 years.  It is likely they were
    used in the formation of other breeds such as the Lhasa Apso, Tibetan Spaniel,
    Shih Tzu, and others.

    In 1922, a British surgeon, Dr. Agness Greig performed an
    operation on a Tibetan woman and was given a puppy in appreciation. This gold
    and white girl eventually became part of the foundation stock for the
    breed that was formed in the west.

    The doctor started a breeding program and then
    in 1927, presented three generations of the Tibetan Terriers at a dog show in

    From there, the Kennel Club of
    India developed a breed standard and by 1930, the Kennel Club in England began
    to register dogs under the name of Tibetan Terrier.

    The first Tibetan Terrier dogs were imported to the U.S. in
    1956 and then a year later the Tibetan Terrier Club of American was
    formed.  The AKC recognized the breed in
    1973 placing it in the Non-Sporting Group.  

    Even though their name implies that they in the terrier
    group, they are not terriers at all.  The
    reason the terrier name stuck was that they resembled the same size as most
    terriers classified in England at the time. 
    The English name was maintained even when they were introduced into

    Personality of Tibetan Terriers

    A black and white adult Tibetan Terrier is standing in front of a white background.Black and White Tibetan Terrier

    Playful, athletic, remarkably strong, and very agile, these
    dogs make excellent companions and great family dogs.

    Each dog is unique, so
    making generalizations about any breed is difficult.  Their personality is a result of their
    genetic makeup and their environment from the day they are born and every day

    Usually out-going, they can a little reserved at first
    around strangers, but this trait makes them excellent watch dogs. They bond
    closely with their owners, sometimes with only one member of the family. 

    People who have lived with this breed
    maintain that the dog can even read their emotions.  (This might be true of all dogs).  

    TT’s are excellent at adapting to the lifestyle of their
    humans and can be content to lead a sedentary lifestyle or pick up the pace if
    they live with active families. 

    They do
    have an independent streak, so don’t be surprised if your TT wants to nap close
    to your side one moment.  Deciding the next,
    it’s time to move onto more exciting activities whether or not they involve

    They are intelligent but do best with consistent, positive
    training methods.  The down side of their
    high intelligence is that they learn very quickly how to get what they want
    from humans, in essence training their owners.

    This stubbornness comes out
    during training, so patience is a must for owning or being owned by a Tibetan
    Terrier. They participate and do well in agility, obedience, rally, flyball,
    tracking, and even herding.  They also
    make excellent therapy dogs.

    Grooming the Tibetan Terrier

    This breed is not for anyone who hates to groom.  Their long double coats require much brushing
    to prevent mats from forming. While it has been said that many show dogs are
    overly groomed according to the breed standard, the soft woolly undercoat will
    mat easily without attention.

    Since these dogs continue to grow their hair out, they are more hypoallergenic than other breeds.

    Tibetans have an unusual hair growth cycle.  They don’t shed, but loose hair similar to
    humans.  As a result, most pet owners
    trim or have their dog professionally groomed in a puppy cut.  The exception to this is a puppy. 

    When the puppy becomes an adolescent, his
    hair will change to his adult coat. 
    During this time, mats regularly form as the full double coat of an
    adult grows.  Daily brushing may be
    necessary.  This is why it is important
    to train a puppy early for grooming, even though they may not need it as often
    as an adult would require. 

    Using a spray
    conditioner prior to brushing is always advisable to prevent hair breakage and
    to help remove small mats.

    Bathing should regularly be done with a good canine shampoo
    followed by a cream rinse or conditioner. 
    Tibetans prefer warm water, not too hot and not too cold.  Most owners blow their dog’s coat dry with a
    hair dryer. 

    Toenails will need to be trimmed, teeth brushed, and anal
    glands checked periodically.  The hair
    between the foot pads grows continually as does the rest of the coat.  Trimming the hair is advisable because hair
    will mat in this area, causing pain to the dog.

    Health Concerns of Tibetan Terriers

    A Black and white Tibetan Terrier Puppy is sleepingTibetan Terrier Puppy Courtesy of Creative Commons

    Tibetan Terriers are a strong and healthy breed of living 15
    to 16 years.  There are, however,
    instances of diseases that pop up from time to time, many of them genetic in

    Some of the more common problems
    of the breed include:

    Other problems include:

    • Hypothyroidism
    • Cataracts
    • Canine neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis.  This disease, also known as Batten Disease in
      humans causes night blindness, epilepsy, dementia and unexpected aggression.  Scientists have uncovered the gene
      responsible and now there is a DNA test that breeders can use.  

    Feeding and Diet

    Some Tibetan Terriers have food allergies to dairy, wheat, and grains.  A grain free diet is often recommended if it is determined that wheat causes problems.  Puppies should be fed three times a day until they are six months old and then twice a day throughout their life time.

    A high quality dog food designed for small breed dogs is a good choice and it can be canned, kibble, raw or fresh.  Some people opt for a home-made diet, but if this is your choice, fist consult your vet.  It is difficult to get the nutritional needs just right when cooking for your dog.  Use tiny treats when training that are of high quality such as tiny bits of chicken or turkey.  Fruits and vegetables also make excellent treats for dogs and do not add too many calories.

    Expect to feed about two cups per day of food divided by 2 meals.


    Best Suited For…

    This is an excellent dog for singles, couples and families with older children.  Smaller children will need to be taught how to properly and respectfully interact with a dog.

    They do require daily exercise, so the ideal person will have enough time in their schedule for daily walks and playtime.  They also do not like being left alone for long periods of time. 

    This means that people who work long hours may need to enlist the help of a friend or neighbor to visit at noon for a short playtime or walk.  Doggie Daycare is another option if no one is home all day long.

    They normally do fine with other dogs and pets in the household, although some have been known to show some jealous streaks.

    Activity Level and Exercise Needs

    Tibetan Terriers have bursts of energy where they love to run or play, but in between, they are more likely to want to snuggle near their favorite human. 

    They are not a breed with high endurance towards lengthy exercise routines and wouldn’t make the best running mate for humans inspiring to win  a marathon.  

    Two or three short 20 minute walks would be perfect for this breed, or substitute a strenuous play session for one of those walks.

     Training a Tibetan Terrier

    This breed is intelligent and will respond to training easily especially basic commands, however, intelligent breeds have been known to outsmart their owners.  You will want to assure that you have the upper hand so your dog won’t try to train you.

    A positive approach to training is always far super to outdated negative training methods and not only work better but also help create a strong, lasting bond. Training treats work very well with this breed, but attention, praise, and lots of cuddles are also equally effective.

    Consistency is the key, especially when it comes to house training.  Create a schedule and stick with it.

    Pros and Cons of Living With this Breed


    • Happy, playful breed
    • Bonds closely; makes a devoted pet
    • Suitable for children and families
    • Intelligent; relatively easy to train
    • Small enough to live comfortably in an apartment
    • Good Watch Dog


    • Maybe too active for some
    • Requires frequent grooming
    • Can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for long
      periods of time
    • Maybe jealous of other pets

    Breed Club and Further Information

    Tibetan Terrier Club of America

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