HomeNewsApr 10, Pomeranians: Everything You Need to Know about This Tiny Breed

    Apr 10, Pomeranians: Everything You Need to Know about This Tiny Breed

    by Janice Jones     |Last Updated 04-10-2023

    Poms, Pom-Pom or just puffball, whatever you call these little cuties, everyone
    knows the name and the adorable face that accompanies that face. These little
    guys are stereotypical small, yappy, very energetic, but also a great pet to
    its owners and family.

    A black pomeranian is standing in a field filled with Autumn leaves

    These are very energetic and athletic dogs that excel at
    many dog sports including agility and obedience. If you cannot keep up with the
    energy of the Pomeranian, this dog may not be for you.

    are basically the epitome of a big dog personality in a little dog. They have a
    ton of personality and demand attention and pampering. Even though they are
    small dogs, they are also very sturdy. Pomeranians are the type of dog that
    loves to please others.

    They cannot get enough attention and affection from
    their owners. Although these dogs are pretty athletic and energetic, they do
    not need an excessive amount of exercise.

    That is, unless they are being
    trained for any type of dog sport or agility type event. Other than that, they
    just need to be loved, like any other dog.

    Related:  13 Pomeranian Facts You Might Not Know

    Traits Rating

    Affection Level

    Friendliness Towards Strangers

    Good with Children

    Good with Other Dogs

    Good for First Time Owners
    Exercise Needed

    Ease of Training

    Watch Dog Ability

    Grooming Requirements


    Cold Tolerant

    Heat Tolerant

    Dog Breed Ratings Got You a Little Confused?
    Here’s a little help in understanding them

    • Playfulness:   Most Playful = 5    Least Playful = 1
    • Affection:  Most Affectionate = 5   Least Affectionate = 1
    • Friendliness Towards Strangers: Most Friendly = 5  Least = 1
    • Good With Children:  Great= 5    Not Good with Children = 1
    • Good With Dogs:  Great = 5   Not Good Around Dogs = 1
    • Good With First Time Owners:  Fine=5  Not Appropriate = 1
    • Exercise Required:  Extensive Daily Exercise = 1  Minimal = 1
    • Ease of Training:  Very Easy = 5     Difficult = 1
    • Watch Dog:  Excellent Watch Dog = 5  Minimal = 1
    • Grooming:  Time Consuming = 5   Minimal = 1
    • Shedding:  Heavy Shedder = 5     Minimal = 1
    • Cold Tolerance:  Well Tolerated = 5   Poor Tolerance = 1
    • Heat Tolerance:  Well Tolerated = 5  Poor Tolerance = 1

    Quick Facts

    Names Used: Pom, Pom-Pom

    Toy group; AKC recognized in 1888


    7-12 inches

    4-6 pounds

    Type: Long, thick double coat

    Gray- shaded, tan, black, white, orange, and brown; Merle is a newer color
    being produced by breeders

    of Origin: Poland and Germany

    Level: Moderate

    Expectancy: Approximately 15 years

    with Children: They are not recommended for families with small children
    because of their delicate and fragile frame, but they will get along great with
    kids under close supervision

    with Other Pets: If raised and socialized appropriately, Poms are good with
    other dogs and pets


    A small Pomeranian puppy is on top of an outcrop of rocks

    have quite the history, and it is actually said and known to believe that Poms
    were one of only 3 canines to survive the sinking of the Titanic.

    Others say
    that Michael Angelo painted the 16th chapel with a Pomeranian right
    by his side. Contrary to belief, these small furry friends were not all that
    small once.   They are now considered the
    smallest member of the Spitz family. 

    average Pomeranian today weighs anywhere from four to six pounds, but they once
    weighed seven times that size. Older
    Pomeranians were said to have weighed thirty pounds and were solid white.

    were bred by England’s Queen Victoria, and in the late 1800s, Queen Vic
    established her own kennel and began importing smaller Poms of all colors and
    created her perfect little lap dog that we all know and love today.

    are decedents of sled dogs from Ice and Lapland. Their ancestors include the
    Alaskan malamute, the Samoyed, Siberian husky, and Khase-hand.  Poms are essentially just a mini version of
    those dogs.


    A pomeranian is participating in an agility event.

    if you don’t know much about Pomeranians, everyone pretty much knows that they
    are very energetic, lively, bouncy dogs that can tend to have a large voice to

    Pomeranians are extremely happy-go-lucky dogs that crave human

    They are great lap dogs and live to please. Focusing their
    energy is a huge component of owning a Pom.

    If you don’t, then they can be a
    bit unruly. Also starting socializing and working on barking as early as
    possible is highly recommended.

    People think the Pom is a very yappy, annoying
    dog, but true Pomeranian loves know better. 
     It really all depends on how
    early you start working on training and socialization.

    are not recommended for families with very small children due to the fragile
    frame that they have.

    These little guys do not demand a ton of physical
    activity, but will need a daily walk. If not a walk, at least a good romp in a fenced
    in yard will help release some of that energy.

    The time that they spend playing
    will take care of most of their exercise, but you need to keep them healthy and
    in shape. Lack of exercise can lead to behavior problems.

    Poms have the
    tendency to overheat in their thick double coat, so do not let them overwork
    themselves. Supervision while playing outside in the heat is crucial. Pomeranians don’t do well in hot weather.

    Their beautiful dense
    plush coat heats up quickly so they need to be kept out of the heat, especially
    that of a locked car. 

    They are
    also very adaptable and can pretty much adapt to most living conditions. These
    dogs can be great apartment dwellers. They make excellent watchdogs, and with
    the proper teaching of when barking is allowed, will be a perfect watchdog for

    The main thing that the Pomeranian needs is love and affection, and they
    will be your furry friend for life.

    Housetraining is often a problem in small breed dogs and the
    Pomeranian is no exception.  Owners often
    report that their Pom just doesn’t like a rainy day, and this stubbornness can
    extend to other weather too.  Poms can be
    taught to use an indoor potty system such as wee wee pads or paper

    The pomeranian is standing on a sandy beach near a body of water.

    Teacup Pomeranians

    You might have seen these advertised as being ultra-tiny
    versions of the standard Pomeranian, often weighing in at no more than one or
    two pounds. 

    Don’t be misled into
    thinking this is a different breed or something extra special in some way.  Most reputable breeders would not
    deliberately breed smaller than the breed standard so beware of anyone trying
    to sell a “teacup” version of any breed, especially the Pomeranian.


    Three different colored pomeranian puppies sitting side by side

    for the Pomeranian can be a bit tricky because of their thick, long, double

    The inner coat is soft and fine
    and the outer coat is thick and harsh.  One
    down side to owning a Pom is that they are heavy and constant shedders.

    brushing with a high quality slicker brush is a must to deal with all of the
    shedding and to keep mats from forming.   Poms should not be bathed until a thorough
    brushing is done.  It is also highly
    recommended to take your pup to a professional groomer every four to six weeks
    to keep the shedding and coat in general in check.  

    Other than brushing, the rest of grooming
    falls into the category of must dos for all dogs:  nail clips, anal glands, ears and eye
    cleaning.  Did we mention brushing
    teeth?  That too! 

    Health Concerns

    are generally healthy and have a long life span (12-16 years); some of the
    issues are minor and some are more serious. 
    Do not let the list below frighten you into removing the Pomeranian from
    your short list of possible perfect breeds for you.

    Luxating Patella

    An inherited condition where the knee slips in and out of place when bent.

    Read more

    Dental Issues

    All dogs are susceptible to dental problems but some breeds seem to build up more tarter and plaque.

    Read more

    Tracheal Collapse

    When the rings making up the trachea begin to flatten or collapse, breathing becomes more difficult.

    Read more

    Skin and Coat Problems

    Coat loss problems also called
    Black skin disease, Severe Hair Loss Syndrome or Alopecia X can be a problem in
    Pomeranians.  Hair loss can be caused by
    hypothyroidism, Cushing’s disease, eczema, parasites or allergies.  

    Heart Problems

    The most common heart problems in the Pomerian includes heart murmurs, enlarged heart and mitral valve prolapse.

    Eye Problems:  Entropion

    A congenital condition where the eyelids roll inward.  It can also occur due to injury or a long standing eye lid infection that causes scaring.

    Legg-Perthes Disease

    Read more

    Seizures or Idiopathic Epilepsy

    A reoccurring seizure disorder, idiopathic epilepsy does not have a known cause.

    Pin for Future Reference

    The Pomeranian Complete Dog Profile at Small Dog Place. Pin for future reference


    • Very adaptable
    • Love to please people
    • Can be great watchdogs
    • Highly intelligent
    • Proud and loyal
    • Great lapdogs and overall companions


    • Heavy and constant shedders
    • Can be yappy if not properly trained
    • Tend to be overprotective to objects
    • Very fragile and can be hard with young children and
    • Problems with their knees, teeth, and gums
    • Grooming is quite the task

    References and Gifts for the Pom Lover

    Breed Club & Rescue


    Pomeranian Club, Inc.


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