HomeNewsApr 17, Miniature Pinscher - Complete Breed Profile, Information, Pictures

    Apr 17, Miniature Pinscher – Complete Breed Profile, Information, Pictures

    By Janice Jones     |Last Updated 04-17-2023

    Miniature Pinscher, also called the Min Pin, is a sturdy, compact little dog.
    They have a lot of poise and are actually very tough, especially for their
    size. Despite their looks, they are not mini versions of the Doberman Pinscher,
    but perhaps cousins.

    They are a breed of their own and actually arrived on the
    scene about 100 years before the Doberman even existed. One classic
    characteristic of the Min Pin is their trot.

    They do not simply walk around
    like other breeds of dogs. They have a very specific pep to their step. The way
    that they walk is very often compared to that of a hackney horse. This hackney
    gait is absolutely adorable to watch and is one characteristic that is special
    to these little guys.

    The Miniature Pinscher or Min Pin for short.

    Are there Miniature Pinscher Hybrids?

    Yes, absolutely.  Here are just a couple of popular mixes:

    • Pin-Tzu (Miniature Pinscher + Shih Tzu)
    • Sheltie Pin (Miniature Pinscher + Shetland Sheepdog)
    • Shiba Pin (Miniature Pinscher + Shiba Inu)
    • Silky-Pin (Miniature Pinscher + Silky Terrier)
    • Smooth Fox Pinscher (Miniature Pinscher + Smooth Fox Terrier)
    • Toy Fox Pinscher (Miniature Pinscher + Toy Fox Terrier)
    • Wire Fox Pinscher (Miniature Pinscher + Wire Fox Terrier)

    Dog Breed Ratings Got You a Little Confused?
    Here’s a little help in understanding them

    • Playfulness:   Most Playful = 5    Least Playful = 1
    • Affection:  Most Affectionate = 5   Least Affectionate = 1
    • Friendliness Towards Strangers: Most Friendly = 5  Least = 1
    • Good With Children:  Great= 5    Not Good with Children = 1
    • Good With Dogs:  Great = 5   Not Good Around Dogs = 1
    • Good With First Time Owners:  Fine=5  Not Appropriate = 1
    • Exercise Required:  Extensive Daily Exercise = 1  Minimal = 1
    • Ease of Training:  Very Easy = 5     Difficult = 1
    • Watch Dog:  Excellent Watch Dog = 5  Minimal = 1
    • Grooming:  Time Consuming = 5   Minimal = 1
    • Shedding:  Heavy Shedder = 5     Minimal = 1
    • Cold Tolerance:  Well Tolerated = 5   Poor Tolerance = 1
    • Heat Tolerance:  Well Tolerated = 5  Poor Tolerance = 1

    The Min Pins is small, yet they have
    a very regal bearing and are actually called ‘The King of the Toys’. They have
    cute little ears that are sometimes cropped, but sometimes kept natural looking. 

    In some European countries, it is illegal to
    crop them so they will remain natural in a lot of cases. Their tail, however, is
    traditionally docked.  This breed has
    compact, catlike feet, which allow them to travel quickly and gracefully and
    add to the hackney trot.

    These little guys are surprisingly
    playful and love to play with everyone and everything. They love to run around
    and are like little athletes. If a small, cute and playful dog is something you
    might be interested in, then check out the Miniature Pinscher, and you might
    have found your perfect match!

    Quick Facts about the Miniature Pinscher:

    Other Names Used: Min Pin, Zwergpinscher (Dwarf
    Biter), and King of the Toys

    Affiliation: Toy group; AKC recognized in
    1925, also UK (Companion ) CKC, FCI, UKC, NKC


         Height: Males: 10-12.5 inches, Females:
    10-11 inches

         Weight: 5-10 pounds

    Coat Type: Smooth and short, shiny coat

    Colors: two shades of solid red,
    chocolate and rust, and black and rust

    Country of Origin: Germany

    Activity Level: High to Very High

    Life Expectancy: 15+ years

    Good with Children: with proper leadership and early
    training/socialization, these dogs are good with all children, including

    Good with Other Pets: yes

    Miniature Pinscher

    History of the Miniature Pinscher

    Miniature Pinscher

    claim that this breed goes back many centuries, but the exact origin of them
    isn’t very clear. The Miniature Pinscher was originally used for hunting small
    vermin, so they do have a little bit of Terrier in their blood.

    They got their
    start in Europe where they were called “Zwergpinscher” which translates to
    Dwarf Biter. This breed is the descendant of the German Pinscher, but their
    dexterity and small size inherited by the Italian Greyhound and the Dachshund. 

    Some think that the German Pinscher had
    something to do with how they look, and since Dobermans come from the German
    Pinscher, maybe that is why they look very similar to the Miniature Pinscher.

    They were
    also used at barnyard ratters, and they controlled the rodent population in the
    stables. Min Pins are at the top of the charts in Europe for most popular toy
    dog, and the ratings are growing in American for this adorable breed.


    Pin Image of the Miniature Pincher Puppy

    How Active are Min Pins?

    Oh, the Miniature Pinscher, where do we begin? To start, this is one of the most active and energetic breeds of dog you will ever see. They are extroverts who have this special zest for life and definitely will show it.

    They need daily walks, in addition to other exercise to, maintain their small and compact physique.  If you are a very laid back person, or are thinking about bringing this dog into a very laid back family, then maybe this isn’t the breed for you. Min Pins are always on the move and need the exercise or they can develop behavioral issues or become sad or aggressive.

    It is not a chore to watch these little guys run around the backyard and trot around. They are extremely poised, and the breed standard actually calls them the dogs with fearless animation.  Although they have a regal and pony-like gait, these are tough little dogs. They are excellent watchdogs and have great relationships with their families.

    Do Min Pins Like to Dig?

    Due to their Terrier and Dachshund roots, they do have a knack for burrowing. This may be a problem if they are outside trying to burrow out of your yard, but inside it is actually very entertaining and endearing. It is amusing to watch your little guy burrow in blankets or pillows for hours.

    They are funny little dogs in general, but watch out because they are known to be escape artists. Keep this in mind if you leave a door or gate open. 

    They should probably be supervised while playing outside, so you don’t end up misplacing your little pup.

    Are Min Pins Easy to Train?

    This breed is trainable, but they need lots of care and attention during it. This is a suitable breed for families, but owners must be very patient and understanding during training. 

    You don’t necessarily need to be an experienced trainer, but it is necessary to be prepared for the experience.  It can sometimes take persistence and skill to train, but all the hard work is more than worth it when you have a beautifully trained Pinscher.

    These are the types of dogs that definitely benefit from an understanding hand during training and do not do well with yelling or hitting of any kind.

    If they are properly trained, then they will be willing and able to take on any task that they are presented with. It is essential to demonstrate authority early on, or training efforts could be tough. 

    Can Min Pins be Left Alone While Working?

    This is a type of dog that can suffer from Small Dog Syndrome, which is a syndrome in which the dog thinks that they are the owner and the boss. This could pose a problem in your household, and they need to be put in their place at a young age. With that being said, if they do get a proper socialization and training at a young age then you are golden.

    They do not deal well with being left alone for long periods of time.  While most are not destructive, they will bark, whine and even howl.  If you work long hours, consider asking a friend to check in on your Pin or plan lunch breaks so you can be at home.

    Do Miniature Pinschers Make Good Family Dogs?

    They get along great with children of pretty much any age and other pets, as
    well.  They are adaptable and will do
    well with small living areas or apartments. 

    If they do live in an apartment, they still require ample exercise to continue
    living a happy and healthy life.

    This is a breed of dog that can get
    along with everyone and be very happy with very little. 

    They are very tenacious and love to be active at all
    times. Other than that, you can bring a tough, loyal, playful, and cute dog
    into your home if you decide you want a Miniature Pinscher.

    Are Min Pin Cuddly?

    Miniature Pinschers love to snuggle and fit very easily on your lap.  That does not mean that you can sit for hours on end with a min pin on your lap.  They are active dogs and enjoy both active play and cuddle time.

    Miniature Pinscher

    Grooming the Miniature Pinscher

    is very minimal for this breed because of their short and smooth coat. The
    grooming for the Min Pin is actually the easiest and most minimal of all the

    This breed is an average shedder, so they do need to be brushed down
    occasionally to remove any loose hair. This can be done with a bristle brush or
    simply a warm washcloth.

    They should be bathed when needed and their teeth,
    eyes, ears, and nails need to be tended to regularly like any other breed. Aside
    from that,  if you do not plan to spend a
    lot of time grooming a dog, then the Min Pin is the dog for you.

    Keep in mind that these little dogs do not do well in cold temperatures so a sweater or coat will be needed in the winter.  They tolerate the heat much better than the cold.

    Health Concerns:  Are Min Pins Healthy?

    A litter of Min Pin puppies sitting on the grass.

    This is generally
    a healthy breed, and the only real concern would be with their bones.  They have small bones that are also pretty
    brittle, so special care and attention is needed, so they don’t break their
    wrists jumping off chairs or couches at home. 

    Puppy stairs, or blankets can be a quick fix to this problem, but it is
    best to make sure your pup doesn’t have to jump too far to get down from

    They have a long lifespan at 15+ years, but they do tend to like to
    overeat. This can be an easy fix with measured amounts of food only given to
    them at the set times for them to eat during the day.  Other than that, they have a couple of
    standard small dog breed health concerns, which include the following:

    Patellar Luxation

    Legg-Calves-Perthes disease

    Progressive Retinal Atrophy


    • Very
      active and energetic
    • Make
      excellent watchdogs
    • Very
      loyal and loving to their family
    • Minimal
    • Great
      with kids 


    • Can
      be escape artists
    • Brittle
      bones can be a concern
    • Not
      a lap dog, if that is what you’re looking for
    • Training
      takes time and patience
    • Can
      suffer from small dog syndrome
    Pin Image of the Miniature Pincher lying in the grass

    References and Book Recommendations

    Club:  Miniature
    Pinscher Club of America, Inc.


    Similar breeds to check out

    Does This Article Deserve Your Thumbs Up?

    We always appreciate your support and encouragement.  Your thumbs up means so much to us.  Please like this article.

    If you find this page or any page on Small Dog Place Helpful, or Useful in anyway, I’d love it if you would click the small heart found on the bottom right of each page.

    You can also share or bookmark this page — just click on the:

    10 Mistakes People Make When Choosing a Dog Breed

    Free Monthly Newsletter

    Sign Up for Our Free Newsletter and get our Free Gift to You.

    my  E-book, The Top 10 Mistakes People Make When Choosing a Dog (and how to avoid them)

    This article was originally published by Read the original article here.

    Must Read